Punic Wars 264 B.C.E to 146 B.C.E:
The three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome took place over nearly a century, beginning in 264 B.C. and ending with the destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C. By the time the First Punic War broke out, Rome had become the dominant power throughout the Italian peninsula, while Carthage–a powerful city-state in northern Africa–had established itself as the leading maritime power in the world.
Summary of the three Punic Wars:
The first Punic war was fought to establish control over the strategic islands of Corsica and Sicily. In 264 the Carthaginians intervened in a dispute between the two principal cities on the Sicilian west coast, Messana and Syracuse, and so established a presence on the island.
A quick fun read about the First Punic War:
Video Summary of First Punic War:
The Second Punic War broke out in 218 B.C.E. when Hannibal took control of the Greek city and Roman ally, Saguntum (in Spain). Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but Hannibal was full of surprises, including his manner of entering the Italic peninsula from Spain.
Text of the Second Punic War:
Video of Second Punic War:
Hannibal: Known as one of the greatest Generals of ancient times.
Battle of Cannae: Major Battle of the Second Punic War.
Third Punic War: 149 B.C.E to 146 B.C.E.
The third of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) Empire that resulted in the final destruction of Carthage, and the enslavement of its population.
Useful text explaining the Third Punic War: